John Watkins (auth.), George Kampis, Ladislav Kvasz, Michael's Appraising Lakatos: Mathematics, Methodology, and the Man PDF

By John Watkins (auth.), George Kampis, Ladislav Kvasz, Michael Stöltzner (eds.)

ISBN-10: 9048159229

ISBN-13: 9789048159222

ISBN-10: 9401707693

ISBN-13: 9789401707695

Imre Lakatos (1922-1974) used to be one of many protagonists in shaping the "new philosophy of science". greater than 25 years after his premature dying, it's time for a serious re-examination of his principles. His major topic of finding rationality in the clinical procedure looks much more compelling this present day, after many historic case reports have printed the cultural and societal parts inside of clinical practices. lately there was, chiefly, an expanding curiosity in Lakatos' philosophy of arithmetic, which emphasises heuristics and mathematical perform over logical justification. yet appropriate adjustments of his technique are referred to as for so one can make it acceptable to trendy axiomatised theories.

Pioneering old study in England and Hungary has unearthed hitherto unknown proof approximately Lakatos' own lifestyles, his wartime actions and his involvement within the political advancements of post-war Europe. From a communist activist dedicated to Györgyi Lukács' pondering, Lakatos constructed right into a staunch anti-Marxist who stumbled on his highbrow historical past in Popper's severe rationalism. the quantity additionally publishes for the 1st time part of his Debrecen Ph.D. thesis and it's concluded by way of a bibliography of his Hungarian writings.

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Extra resources for Appraising Lakatos: Mathematics, Methodology, and the Man

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Firstly, any demarcation criterion is fallible. Yet Lakatos maintains that we can avoid collapse either to historical relativism or elitarist authritarianism, only by appealing to a "core" of ("old fashion Popperian-type") standards of appraisal. e. ) Similarly, to avoid the regressive problem-shift from the problem of demarcation to the problem of knowledge expressed "in the form of skills and activities" (the latter leading to the Orwellian world where history is for the winners), a "universal criterion of progress" is called for.

24 MATTEO MOTTERLINI 2. A CRITICAL MARXIST POLEMICIST The contributions written by Lakatos for Hungarian literary and academic journals in the early Fifties show how Lakatos' enquiry into science, mathematics, history and method has always been firmly linked to pedagogical and socio-political issues. 1). Lakatos contrasts the abstract figure of the Citoyen with the reality of the working class. By analogy, he contrasts the abstract principles of the philosophy of science with the substantive scientific practice of working scientists.

I maintain on the contrary that Kuhn's concept of paradigm is different from Lakatos' concept of scientific research programme, and that both concepts are necessary for analysing the development of science and mathematics. I would further claim that Popper's concept of conjectures and refutations is also necessary. I will next give the example of Kepler as an illustration of the use of all these concepts. When Kepler investigated the planetary orbits, he was working on a scientific research programme, whose aim was to find a simple mathematical expression for these orbits.

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Appraising Lakatos: Mathematics, Methodology, and the Man by John Watkins (auth.), George Kampis, Ladislav Kvasz, Michael Stöltzner (eds.)

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