By C. Shelby
Addiction argues that habit could be understood no longer as a illness yet as a phenomenon that needs to be understood on many degrees instantaneously. applying a fancy dynamic platforms technique and philosophical technique, Shelby explains dependancy as an irreducible neurobiological, mental, developmental, environmental, and sociological phenomenon.
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Additional resources for Addiction: A Philosophical Perspective
That is, the pleasure of sex may be intense, but it does not last long relative to the effects of alcohol, cigarettes, or opium. Given both of these facts, it is not surprising that someone would want to repeat the experience. Hedonic theories of addiction focus their attention on this feature. The pleasure, the elevated mood, the alertness or relaxation is brought about by the addictive substance is immediate, undeniable, and relatively long lasting, regardless of the negative experiences that may occur in conjunction with use.
Finally, as for the fourth reason Foddy says one might give for saying that addictive behavior is compelled, we have already considered it above: the fact that addiction can be correlated with changes in the brain in no way proves that addictive behavior is compelled. In fact, this is precisely what is at issue in the debate between defenders of the disease model and those who uphold a choice model. Source of the conflict The problems and puzzles we have run into in attempting to define addiction all seem to derive from presuming some version of either a dualistic or a reductionistic metaphysics.
Organisms are natural beings, but they are not the same as nonliving natural beings, even when the latter are involved in complex dynamic systems. Organisms bring about an increase in order, or a decrease in entropy, as they self-maintain and develop, whereas it is the natural tendency of their nonliving molecular components to move toward a decrease in order, or an increase in entropy. 43 That this must be so is clear from the fact that the first lifelike process “was not reproduced, it had no parent, and therefore it did not evolve.
Addiction: A Philosophical Perspective by C. Shelby