Academy Dictionaries: 1600-1800 - download pdf or read online

By John Considine

ISBN-10: 1107071127

ISBN-13: 9781107071124

This is often the 1st unified heritage of the big, prestigious dictionaries of the 17th and eighteenth centuries, compiled in academies, which got down to glorify dwelling eu languages. The culture started with the Vocabolario degli Accademici della Crusca (1612) in Florence and the Dictionnaire de l'Académie françoise (1694) in Paris, and unfold throughout Europe - to Germany, Spain, England, Denmark, Sweden, the Netherlands, Portugal, and Russia - within the eighteenth century, enticing scholars of language as assorted as Leibniz, Samuel Johnson, and Catherine the nice. all of the significant academy and academy-style dictionaries of the interval as much as 1800, released and unpublished, are mentioned in one narrative, bridging nationwide and linguistic barriers, to provide a background of lexicography on a eu scale. Like John Considine's Dictionaries in Early smooth Europe (Cambridge collage Press, 2008), this learn treats dictionaries either as actual books and as bold works of the human mind's eye.

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59 From January 1673 onwards, the meetings of the academy were therefore in danger of being overrun by members whose primary interest was receiving their honoraria. Furetière described their discussion of draft entries in a passage written in 1685, from his recent direct observation. It sounds all too plausible: Everyone cavils over every entry, and judges it good or bad as his expertise or his caprice moves him; very often an entry is changed for the worse, or trivial alterations are made to the wording.

71 The Vocabolario was physically a bigger dictionary than Queen Anna’s new world of words, despite its smaller entry count, because each entry was fuller – and in particular, because each entry was so well documented. Florio’s treatment of lento simply comprises a short string of possible translation equivalents, ‘slow, slacke, lazie, lingring’. He and the makers of the Vocabolario had completely different aims. Responses to the Vocabolario della Crusca did not complain that it was too small. They might be directed at its Florentine orientation: so, for instance, the Sienese translator Adriano Politi published a Dittionario Toscane, compendio del Vocabolario della Crusca in 1614, which abridged the Vocabolario and offered ‘la nota di tutte le differenze di lingua che sono trà questi due Populi Fiorentino, e Senese’: in effect, it added Sienese equivalents to some of the Vocabolario’s distinctively Florentine lexical items.

Salviati joined its meetings in 1582 or 1583, and soon persuaded the other The Vocabolario degli Accademici della Crusca 19 members to found a formally constituted body, an academy. In February 1584 – the month, as it happened, in which the first volume of Salviati’s Avvertimenti was published – the Accademia della Crusca came into being. Its name was a witty adaptation of brigata dei crusconi, now emphasizing purification rather than coarseness: its emblem was a frullone, or boltinghutch, the device which separates good flour from bran (crusca).

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Academy Dictionaries: 1600-1800 by John Considine

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