By William J. Bernstein
Acclaimed by means of readers and critics all over the world, A fantastic Exchange is a sweeping narrative historical past of worldwide trade—from Mesopotamia in 3000 B.C. to the firestorm over globalization today—that brilliantly explores trade’s colourful and contentious previous and offers new insights into its destiny.
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Additional resources for A Splendid Exchange: How Trade Shaped the World
Electricity tariffs are likely to reflect both the lower average cost of electricity production that is possible with nuclear energy and the different relationship between capital and running costs compared with fossil-fuelled plant. In Chapter 14, John Rhys, Chief Economist of the UK Electricity Council, explains the theory of electricity pricing, pointing out that in highly competitive markets price tends to equate to marginal cost - the cost of producing the last unit of production. He points out that economic theory req uires this to be so if economic resources are to be allocated to maximize the benefit to consumers.
12] Alexander, T. (1978) The Little Engine that Scares ConEd, Fortune, December 31, pp. 80-84.  Aschner, F. S. (1974) Planning Fundamentals of Thermal Power Plants, Wiley, New York.  US Department of Energy (1979) Monthly Energy Review. DOE/EIA/OO5/ 1(79), Washington DC.  US Energy Research and Development Administration (1974) Power Plam Capital Costs, Current Trends and SellSith'ity to Economic Parameters. WASH 1345, Washington DC. 2 L. Gouni ECONOMIC PRINCIPLES OF OPTIMIZING MIXED NUCLEAR AND NON-NUCLEAR ELECTRICITY SYSTEMS In this chapter, an attempt will be made to show how and why.
However, when the world was struck by the second oil crisis, bank reserves were already under strain; and, although the second round of price increases was smaller proportionately than the first, it was larger in absolute terms. The result has been that the world banking system has been placed under very severe strain. In Chapter 16, Sam Schurr discusses the problems of a reduction in the availability of energy to the world economic system pointing oufthat energy has been the constraint reliever par excellence in the past, and that the world has not really come to terms with the problems created when energy itself becomes a constraint.
A Splendid Exchange: How Trade Shaped the World by William J. Bernstein