A Philosophy of Political Myth - download pdf or read online

By Chiara Bottici

ISBN-10: 0521876559

ISBN-13: 9780521876551

During this booklet, Chiara Bottici argues for a philosophical figuring out of political fantasy. Bottici indicates that delusion is a technique, considered one of non-stop paintings on a uncomplicated narrative development that responds to a necessity for value. humans desire which means which will grasp the realm they stay in, yet additionally they want value to be able to dwell in a global that's much less detached to them. this is often relatively actual within the realm of politics. Political myths are narratives wherein we orient ourselves, and act and suppose approximately our political global. Bottici indicates that during order to come back to phrases with modern phenomena, corresponding to the conflict among civilizations, we'd like a Copernican revolution in political philosophy. If we wish to store cause, we have to examine it from the viewpoint of fantasy.

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On this point, see also the beginning of the Metaphysics and the distinction between empeira (knowledge of the particular) and techne (knowledge of the universal) (Met. 980ba). P1: SBT 0521876559c01 CUNY769/Bottici 38 0 521 87655 9 May 12, 2007 22:16 I A Genealogy of Myth important, the role of myth is still limited to the ambit of poiesis. Poiesis, according to a possible reading of the passages where this distinction is made,20 differs from theoresis because it “creates” its objects. This, however, does not necessarily imply that the ambit of mythos is that of arbitrariness, and, as such, that it must be counterpoised to that of the logos – as we often tend to assume when talking about poetic creation.

6). As a consequence, far from associating myth with untrue speech, Aristotle places it close to philosophy, since he attributes to it a capacity to catch the universal that is superior to that of history. Indeed, for Aristotle, given that the historian has to deal with the particular, that is, with unrelated and dispersed facts, the historian is further from the truth than the poets. While the historian tells facts as they happened, the poet tells them as “they could have happened according to likelihood and necessity” (kata to eikos e to anagkaion) (1451b).

Whereas up to that time, a sophos like Parmenides could still start his philosophical poem with an invocation to the Muses, with Aristotle philosophy seems to have acquired a distinguished epistemological status: philosophy became the science of first causes and principles, whose results are ultimately guaranteed by logic. While Plato could still intermingle dialectical argument and mythical narratives, Aristotle, by starting his theorising with the statement of the formal conditions of discourse, and by identifying a type of reasoning – the syllogism – meant to guarantee the correctness of discourses, thereby provided philosophy with a method (organon) that set it definitively apart from the stories told by myths.

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A Philosophy of Political Myth by Chiara Bottici

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