By Brian A. Pavlac
This attractive textual content bargains a short, readable description of our universal Western history because it all started within the first human societies and constructed in old Greece and Rome, then in the course of the heart a long time. offering a tightly targeted narrative and interpretive constitution, Brian Pavlac covers the elemental ancient details that every one knowledgeable adults may still be aware of. His joined phrases "supremacies and diversities" strengthen significant issues of clash and creativity all through background. "Supremacies" facilities at the use of strength to dominate societies, starting from conflict to ideologies. Supremacy, Pavlac exhibits, seeks balance, order, and incorporation. "Diversities" encompasses the artistic impulse that produces new principles, in addition to efforts of teams of individuals to outline themselves as "different." range creates swap, chance, and individuality. those options of old pressure and alter, even if utilized to political, fiscal, technological, social, or cultural developments, provide a cohesive explanatory association. The textual content can also be educated via 5 different topical issues: technological innovation, migration and conquest, political and fiscal decision-making, church and nation, and disputes in regards to the which means of existence. all through, sensible "basic rules" current summaries of old realities. Written with aptitude, this simply available but deeply a professional textual content offers the entire necessities for a path on Western civilization.More details, research courses, and hyperlinks to assets are available at the book's web site, www.concisewesternciv.com.
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Extra info for A Concise Survey of Western Civilization: Supremacies and Diversities throughout History, Vol. 1: Prehistory to 1500
With these divisions of labor and class arrived the first taxes. Two and a half centuries ago, Benjamin Franklin famously quipped that death and taxes were the only sure things in life. More accurate is the following basic principle: The only certainty in civilization is death and taxes. The only essential questions are these: who pays and how much? Not everyone pays taxes. In some civilizations, the privileged are tax exempt. Uncivilized barbarians do not pay taxes either: in their small, self-sufficient groups, hunter-gatherer peoples do not divide up their labor and leadership.
The oldest Europeans were probably the Basques, who still live on both sides of the Pyrenees Mountains. Others soon migrated into Europe. We know something about them from archaeological remains of bones and pots. The 1991 discovery in the Alps of a ¨ tzi, provided a few insights into the hunter-gatherers mummy, since nicknamed O of five thousand years ago. C. 4). The last prehistoric populations to arrive in Europe came from populations of southern and southwestern Asia. These immigrants shared languages grouped together and designated by scholars as Indo-European.
Instead of the many gods of traditional Egyptian polytheism, he encouraged worship of one god, Aton, the sun, with whom Ahkenaton had a special, divine connection, of course. Some historians think this focus on Aton established the first monotheism, or belief in only one god. Ahkenaton’s ideas, though, did not long outlive him. Whether the priests saw him as a creative individualistic innovator or an ugly slothful fanatic, they and most Egyptians soon went back to worshipping according to the traditional patterns.
A Concise Survey of Western Civilization: Supremacies and Diversities throughout History, Vol. 1: Prehistory to 1500 by Brian A. Pavlac